Top 12 Programming Languages Employed by Employers, Early 2021
It’s a new year, a time when many technologists are thinking about new skills and programming languages to learn. As you determine the best ways to broaden your skills, it’s worth seeing which programming languages have enjoyed the highest demand from employers over the past 60 days; it could help you influence your decision making.
SQL (Structured Query Language) is essential for database work (and backend programming); it was designed to manage and query relational databases, invented in the 1970s and popularized by Oracle. In recent years, companies, even in the oldest school industries, have recognized the power to organize and analyze data, which has led to a growing need for technologists who can create and maintain databases. hence the need for SQL skills.
Like SQL, Java benefits from several years of intensive use in the enterprise. As companies increasingly deploy products that use Java, they must continue to hire developers who are proficient in the language to iterate and fix these products. Java is also ubiquitous in several contexts, including web and mobile, so it won’t be going away anytime soon (despite Google’s recent push for more developers to embrace Kotlin, which is positioned as a “Java killer”).
If you are new to Java, there are many resources online, including the dedicated InfoWorld page. Oracle (which bought Sun Microsystems, which created the language in-house) maintains a forum where you can ask questions and review what others are doing, in addition to a tutorial site. There is of course a subroutine for those who need help and tutorials.
And then there’s Python, recently named the Best Programming Language of 2020 by the TIOBE Index, which tracks the relative popularity of programming languages. The growing use of Python as a specialized language is worth exploring; start your journey by heading to Python.org, which has a handy guide for beginners. If you’re more of a visual learner, Microsoft also offers a series of videos, “Python for Beginners,” with dozens of lessons (most under five minutes long; none longer than 13 minutes). And keep in mind all the extensions and frameworks that make programming in Python easier.
Whatever language you plan to learn, keep one thing in mind: Employers will want to see examples of your coding skills. It’s always a good idea to maintain a portfolio of projects and code samples so that a hiring manager can know what you’re capable of. Even a simple website or a simple game can make all the difference when trying to stand out in the candidate pool.