Python vs PHP: which is better and why?
The debate between PHP and Python is endless. This is because both languages are compelling and very accessible programming languages.
In this article, we’ll share with you when and where you should use either language. First, for new developers, is it still a matter of confusion as to which backend framework to learn? Why should you even learn a server-side programming language?
All businesses now needing a website and / or mobile app – both of which connect to a server in the backend – a well-executed backend development service is one of the most important and most important skills. most sought after in the current market. This means backend developers are in high demand.
Businesses are willing to pay hefty sums to developers who can properly handle the backend of their websites. Learning these programming languages will also make you capable of this task.
What is Python?
Python is an interpreted, object-oriented language, and it also features high-level programming with dynamic semantics and a combination of built-in data structures.
With dynamic typing and binding, this allows for rapid development of very attractive applications. To connect existing components, we can also use it as a scripting or pasting language.
In other words, or in plain language: Python is a versatile programming language that you can use to create programs for your computer or web development.
Python is a very versatile language that is also prevalent in coding for machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science.
What is PHP?
PHP, on the other hand, is a widely used programming language for general purpose scripting, and it is also an open-source language.
PHP is generally suitable for web development and we can embed it in HTML as well. Its main use case is as a backend language.
What about the market share of PHP and Python?
PHP is the most widely used server-side coding language for website development. It hovers around an 80% market share, according to W3Techs usage statistics.
Python, on the other hand, is a versatile programming language used in machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science. Yet a smaller percentage use it for web development.
What about the learning curve?
If you are wondering how hard it is to learn PHP or Python, the good thing is that PHP and Python are generally easy to understand languages.
Python is a relatively new programming language compared to PHP which has been around for years. And Python is arguably the easier of the two. Easy being a relative term for the two languages.
Python is so easy to master that most beginner programming courses now use the programming language to teach basic programming principles.
Countless tutorials for both languages are available online.
What about coding in PHP or Python?
While you often hear developers say that Python is an easier language to learn, Python is strict about how you format your code. The format of the code, however, also makes the programming language very easy to read and maintain.
PHP does not have strict code formatting like Python does. So, you are going to find out that there are many different ways to format PHP code, and you are also going to find that there is a lot of PHP code that is not well formatted at all.
This is what sometimes makes it harder to read or understand PHP. Still, there is a simple workaround for this; you can always format your PHP code in any way you like.
Most universities like to use Python for GIS (geographic information systems) to show how to code. GIS can help individuals better understand spatial relationships and patterns.
Both PHP and Python languages have a lot of resources like websites that will teach you the fundamentals of how to code in boot camps, with YouTube videos, and you can even buy books.
It might sound kind of old school to buy coding books, but there is a huge library of books on how to code available these days and you are going to find plenty of code examples online as well.
A little word: When coding, pay attention to the code you copy and paste online. Reverse engineer the code locally if you can and do thorough testing before using the code on a production or live website. Also watch out for outdated, inefficient, and insecure codes. Remember to test locally.
What about the PHP and Python documentation?
PHP and Python both have useful and substantial volumes of documentation and online pages where you see how to get started with the language and where you can learn more about the syntax code flow.
Along with the documentations, you will see sample code and more. Combining the documentation pages with other tutorials and online resources will help you learn to code quickly in one or both languages.
What about community support?
PHP and Python have large and very passionate communities. Even if you learn on your own, there’s always a place online you go to find out you’re not alone.
You can check out Stack Overflow, which is arguably the most popular community among PHP and Python developers and programmers, along with many other online forms.
And the speed?
In PHP version 7 and above we have seen many improvements that make it extremely fast.
Python code is also fast, but generally not as fast as PHP.
Keep in mind that there are many factors that affect the speed of a website or applications, including code logic, hardware resources, etc. It’s not just the programming language that affects speed.
What about pre-existing code for PHP and Python?
With PHP or Python or any language for that matter, you can still use custom code, such as vanilla code. By using pre-existing frameworks, libraries and CMS, you can significantly reduce development time
Time is money, and for PHP you have Laravel, Symphony, Codeigniter, WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, etc.
For Python, you have Django, Django CMS, Flask, Web 2ft, Pylons pyramid, etc. There are many options to work faster than writing all the code yourself.
What about package managers?
Package managers are designed to eliminate the need for manual installations and updates, and they are vital to a productive workflow for Python you would have Pitt and for PHP you would have Composer.
What about deployment and hosting?
PHP comes preinstalled on virtually all shared hosting servers and accounts, and it’s easy to install on a VPS or dedicated server.
Python, on the other hand, will take a bit more work to get started, and we recommend using either Edunbox.com on a node that has excellent documentation pages on how to get started with Python on their website. .
What about making money with PHP versus Python?
An important factor that many coders take into account is where the money is. Skilled Python developers tend to do more than experienced PHP developers.
The reason is that Python is used in the highly specialized fields of machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science. These are areas that tend to have a lot of money behind them, although there are also many more complex areas.
PHP developers can make a living working for large corporations, agencies, startups and / or as freelancers. PHP developers who focus on a particular framework or specific content management systems (CMS) can also make a lot of money, depending on how they market their services.
Typically, the average Python developer in the United States can make $ 120,000 per year, while their PHP counterparts earn around $ 80,000 and more per year, according to data from popular job site Indeed.
However, there is no limit to what you can earn with either language. It all depends on what you end up doing with that language. Think of Mark Zuckerberg, for example. when he created Facebook he used PHP and it is now worth over $ 70 billion.
Also think of Google co-founder Larry Page, who is worth around $ 51 billion. Anyone worth $ 50 billion for building the Python-powered Google search engine proves that you can certainly make a fortune as a developer using Python, PHP, and other languages.
You can definitely make money as a developer. You don’t have to be a struggling coder. You can earn a living wage by developing with PHP and / or Python. Just make sure you work hard and smart; produce valuable products and the sky is the limit.
So which language should you choose?
Which programming language should you learn and use both? The answer to this is very simple, maybe a little too simplistic.
If you want to focus on machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science, Python is the language to learn. If you are focusing on building dynamic websites and applications, PHP is the language you should learn.
It also depends on where you want to work. Businesses are everywhere when it comes to the languages they like to use. So, this is something to take into account. However, most companies use different programming languages for different purposes. It’s like hiring contractors to work for you when contractors come to you; do they just come with a hammer or a variety of tools.
You should always strive to use the right tool for your job. New startups that work with machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science will often favor Python.
If your clients and employers such as design agencies and business website owners and the like are using a CMS like WordPress, Joomla, or Drupal, PHP will reign supreme.
Overall, PHP and Python are useful, compelling, and accessible programming languages. I would say try both for a while and see which one you prefer.
Hope this article is helpful and point you in the right direction. If you’ve found it useful in any way, give it a big thank you and add your thoughts in the comments section below.